Strategic construction

The East Number and West Calculation Project was officially launched

Seetao 2022-02-18 13:50
  • The development and construction of key new infrastructure will help promote coordinated regional development
Read this article
16 Minutes

In accelerating the construction of new digital infrastructure, some key industries will open up new growth space. The National Development and Reform Commission and other departments officially released news on February 17, agreeing that Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Chengdu-Chongqing and other places will start the construction of national hub nodes of a national integrated computing power network. So far, the overall layout design of the national integrated big data center system has been completed, and the "East and West" project has been officially launched.

The so-called "counting in the east and counting in the west", "number" refers to data, and "calculation" refers to computing power. "In layman's terms, it is to transfer the data from the east to the west for calculation and processing, just like the South-to-North Water Diversion Project and the West-to-East Power Transmission. 'East and West Calculation' is another important strategic project of the country. The center will develop in coordination with network, cloud, computing power, data elements, applications and security," explained Li Jie, deputy director of the Institute of Cloud Computing and Big Data, China Academy of Information and Communications Technology.

All 8 major computing power hubs and 10 clusters of "East Number and West Calculation" have landed

On the same day, four national hub nodes of the national integrated computing power network, including Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, Yangtze River Delta, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and Chengdu-Chongqing, were launched. In addition, in December last year, Guizhou, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, and Ningxia received approval for the construction of national hub nodes of the national integrated computing power network, and all 8 major computing power hubs and 10 clusters of "East Digital Western Computing" have been implemented.

Among them, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei hub plans to establish Zhangjiakou data center cluster; the Yangtze River Delta hub plans to establish the Yangtze River Delta ecological green integrated development demonstration zone data center cluster and Wuhu data center cluster; Chengdu-Chongqing hub plans to establish Tianfu data center cluster and Chongqing data center cluster ;The hub of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area plans to set up a cluster of data centers in Shaoguan, and the boundary of the starting area is Shaoguan High-tech Zone.

"The national hub node will become a 'granary' and a 'blood bank' to promote the development of the digital economy, and will play a role in building a digital city, providing super computing power, building a city's smart brain, improving government governance capabilities and levels, and ensuring national network and information security. It plays a key role and is an important strategic infrastructure related to national security, stability and development." said Feng Jie, a member of the Information and Communication Economics Expert Committee of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

The annual investment volume will reach hundreds of billions of yuan, which will effectively drive the upstream and downstream investment of the industry

Which upstream and downstream industrial chains will be driven by the construction of "East and West", and how much investment will it drive?

Some authoritative institutions and experts estimate that the annual investment volume of the "East and West" project will reach hundreds of billions of yuan, and the driving effect on related industries will reach 1:8. This also means that the project will greatly exceed the "West-East Gas Transmission" and "South-to-North Water Diversion" projects. This is precisely the power of China's "digital economy".

"The data center industry chain includes not only traditional civil engineering, but also IT equipment manufacturing, information communication, basic software, green energy supply, etc. The industry chain is long, covers a wide range of categories, and has a large driving effect. To coordinate and optimize the layout, promote the accuracy of the data center. It will effectively drive the upstream and downstream investment of the industry." said the relevant person in charge of the new high-tech department of the National Development and Reform Commission.

Quantitative data from relevant research reports show that for every 1 percentage point increase in the computing power index, the digital economy and GDP will increase by 3.3% respectively. and 1.8%. .

In fact, with the rapid development of new technologies such as 5G and artificial intelligence, China's data resource storage, computing and application requirements have continued to increase, driving the rapid growth of data center scale. In the past five years, the average annual growth rate of China's data center racks has exceeded 30%.

Many companies such as Huawei and 21Vianet are actively deploying "East and West Calculation"

The reporter learned that many leading companies, including Huawei, 21Vianet, China Telecom, and Baidu, are actively participating in the "East and West" project.

"We actively participate in the 'East and West' project, and the business layout is highly consistent with the national strategy." The person in charge of HUAWEI CLOUD told reporters that in 2017, Huawei proposed the layout of cloud data centers in southern Guizhou and Beiwu, which is located in Gui'an New District. Both the Ulanqab Big Data Industrial Park and the Ulanqab Big Data Industrial Park are planning to build super-large data center bases, with more than 1 million servers in the long-term.

"21Vianet was established in 1996 and built China's first third-party data center computer room in 1999. In the first 20 years of the company's development, the resource layout was mainly concentrated in the first-tier cities and their surrounding areas. In the national 'East and West' project Under the guidance of the coordinated innovation and development of the integrated big data center, 21Vianet will take two measures to focus on the central and western regions through new projects and to enhance the functions of the eastern data center. Among them, the company will gradually increase the layout and construction of large and super large-scale in the western region. The proportion of data centers, it is expected that the growth rate of data center investment in the western region will be twice that of the eastern region in the next five years.” Wang Shiqi, the rotating CEO of 21Vianet Group, told reporters.

"Our data center located in the hub node in the west can make full use of the advantages of the west in terms of climate and environment, integrate green and intelligent technologies into the overall design, and greatly reduce the PUE of the data center and the operating cost of enterprises. 1.12, under full load operation in the future, it is expected to save 1.01 billion kWh of electricity every year and reduce carbon emissions by 810,000 tons, which is equivalent to planting 35.67 million trees a year.” said the person in charge of HUAWEI CLOUD. Editor / Xu Shengpeng