Empowering the development of agriculture with new technologies
- Insufficient high-end agricultural machinery restricts the high-quality development of China's agriculture
"Agricultural machinery and agriculture must seize the opportunities for the development of disruptive new technologies such as intelligence, digitization, and greening, give full play to the advantages of latecomers, realize industrial upgrading, and help rural revitalization." Zhan Chunxin, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the Heavy Industry Group, suggested that new technologies should be used to empower the upgrading and development of agricultural machinery and agriculture.
At present, China has embarked on a new journey to build a modern socialist country in an all-round way, and the work of "three rural" has entered a new stage of comprehensively promoting rural revitalization and accelerating agricultural and rural modernization. In recent years, China's agricultural production mechanization has made remarkable achievements. The comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvesting has exceeded 70%, and it has entered a new stage dominated by mechanization. But there are also many shortcomings and problems. "The intelligent, digital and green transformation and upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment is still in its infancy, the integration and application of new technologies in equipment and agronomy is lagging behind, and the integration and development of agricultural machinery and agriculture is insufficient." Zhan Chunxin believes that these problems restrict the development of China's agriculture. Quality development has also become an urgent problem to be solved in the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy.
It is understood that as of 2020, China's intelligent high-end agricultural machinery accounts for less than 10% of the overall scale of agricultural machinery. The lack of high-end agricultural machinery restricts the industrial upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment, and also restricts the development of new industries such as smart agriculture. The technical level of agricultural machinery and equipment To be further improved. In terms of agronomic science and technology, there are also problems such as insufficient basic research and application model innovation, and relatively backward data collection and application. The content of agronomic science and technology needs to be further improved. In addition, from the agricultural machinery equipment side to the production application side, and then to the management platform side, the end-to-end connection has not yet been achieved, and the five-in-one "sky, air, ground, human and machine" has not yet been formed. The integration and innovation among agricultural machinery and equipment enterprises, smart agricultural enterprises, and industrial Internet enterprises also need to be strengthened.
At present, under the new round of scientific and technological revolution with new energy, new digital and other new technologies as the main driving force, China has formed new technological industrial advantages in the fields of battery motor, industrial interconnection, artificial intelligence, 5G communication and so on. Commissioner Zhan Chunxin proposed that accelerating the application of it to agricultural machinery equipment and agricultural production can effectively break through the bottleneck of insufficient traditional technology and achieve lane-changing overtaking; and proposed boosting agricultural machinery and agricultural upgrading from the market side, manufacturing side and top-level design side development proposals.
Specifically, on the market side, optimize the subsidy policy for the purchase and application of agricultural machinery, and improve the subsidy payment method. It is necessary to reduce subsidies for low-end agricultural machinery and increase subsidies for advanced agricultural machinery such as smart agricultural machinery, large combine harvesters, and power-shift tractors. On the manufacturing side, vigorously support the research and development of high-end agricultural machinery of enterprises. From project establishment, trial production, trial sales to batch listing, there must be relevant support policies to guide and enhance the research and development motivation of enterprises. At the top-level design side, the integrated development of agricultural machinery and agriculture is incorporated into the overall strategy of rural revitalization. Editor / Zhao E