Global nuclear power construction reaches a climax
- The experience of various countries in the world shows that the development of nuclear power is the best way to solve the power shortage
Under the "dual carbon" goal, nuclear power has once again attracted attention as a clean energy source. Premier Li Keqiang presided over an executive meeting of the State Council on the 20th. The meeting pointed out that nuclear power should be developed in an orderly manner under the premise of strict supervision and absolute safety. Three new nuclear power plant projects that have been comprehensively assessed and reviewed and have been incorporated into the national plan were approved.
The reporter learned exclusively from multiple authoritative channels that each of the "three new nuclear power unit projects" involves two nuclear power units. In other words, there are 6 nuclear power units approved this time. These six nuclear power units are all third-generation nuclear power technologies.
"This is the first time since 2008 that the state has approved 6 units. It is an important measure to implement the country's 'active, safe and orderly development of nuclear power'." A nuclear power industry insider said in an interview with reporters. At present, China's major nuclear power companies include China National Nuclear Corporation, China General Nuclear Power Corporation and State Power Investment Corporation.
On October 24, 2021, the "Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council on the Complete, Accurate and Comprehensive Implementation of the New Development Concept and the Carbon Neutralization of Peak Carbon Dioxide Emissions" proposed "actively, safely and orderly development of nuclear power" and "actively and steadily promoting nuclear power waste heat for heating". This is the second time the central government has mentioned "actively, safely and orderly development of nuclear power" after the government work report put forward "actively and orderly development of nuclear power under the premise of ensuring safety".
In 20223, the "14th Five-Year Plan for Modern Energy System" issued by the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration proposed that on the premise of ensuring safety, the construction of coastal nuclear power projects should be actively and orderly promoted, the pace of construction should be maintained steadily, and the new coastal nuclear power plants should be rationally deployed. Project; carry out demonstration of comprehensive utilization of nuclear energy, actively promote demonstration projects of advanced reactors such as high-temperature gas-cooled reactors, fast reactors, modular small reactors, and offshore floating reactors, and promote the comprehensive utilization of nuclear energy in the fields of clean heating, industrial heating, seawater desalination, etc. .
When talking about domestic nuclear power technology, the above-mentioned nuclear power person cited an example. At present, passive technology is one of the most advanced nuclear power technologies. Among them, Zhejiang Sanmen and Shandong Haiyang units have repeatedly broken the WANO (World Association of Nuclear Power Operators) world records, becoming the mainstream technology of international advanced nuclear power. "China is already the world's second largest nuclear power country, and it is expected to become the world's largest nuclear power country around 2030." He believes that "China has the most advanced passive 'Guohe No. 1' and other units, and should give full play to leading the global nuclear power industry. The advantages of China will realize the leap from a nuclear power country to a nuclear power power."
According to reports, at present, except China, European countries are accelerating the start of nuclear power projects, and the world is ushering in a new round of nuclear power construction upsurge. As the strategic core position of energy security in the carbon neutral era, nuclear power has been recognized by the world. Under the global "carbon neutrality" situation, according to the forecast of the United Nations Climate Panel and the International Energy Agency, the world will need to add more than 1,000 nuclear power units in 2050.
The reporter noticed that since 2022, Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Liaoning and other places have included nuclear power in their local economic development plans and listed it as one of the priorities for 2022. Last year, Guangdong, Fujian, Hainan and Liaoning provinces included nuclear power in their local government work reports. Keywords: infrastructure, infrastructure construction, domestic engineering news, planning investment
The former vice president of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and other industry insiders have predicted that in the future, China will strive to start construction of about 6 to 8 nuclear power units every year, and strive to achieve about 8% of nuclear power generation by 2030. According to the reporter's understanding, the current total investment of each third-generation nuclear power unit is about 20 billion yuan, and the total investment of 6 to 8 nuclear power units will be as high as 120 billion to 160 billion yuan. Editor / Xu Shengpeng
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