Sharing the Bitterness with Gan Ganru Rugan takes you back to Gansu!
- After receiving the return charter mission this time, Gansu has received the attention of the people across the country
Netizens commented that Gansu is like a low-key and introverted northwestern big brother. He usually doesn't talk much, but when the motherland and fraternal provinces are in trouble, Gansu silently extended a helping hand and left quietly after helping.
(A) Iranian charter flights to Lanzhou, 33 cases confirmed
Let me start with the good news. On March 8, 2020, in addition to Hong Kong and Wuhan, as well as 3 imported cases in Beijing and Gansu, China achieved zero diagnosis for the first time, and the number of confirmed cases in Wuhan dropped to 41.
One more good news. Yesterday morning, the last confirmed case of the Xinjiang Construction Corps was discharged, marking the official zeroing of Xinjiang. Anhui was also cleared yesterday. Tibet, Qinghai and Fujian have already been cleared before.
But there is also bad news. The pressure to prevent imported epidemics is increasing.
For example, in Gansu, from February 17 to March 4, 2020, zero confirmed diagnosis has been continued, and the cumulative confirmed diagnosis has remained at 91 cases. By March 4, there were only two hospitalized cases, and Gansu can basically say that it had already said goodbye to the new crown epidemic.
However, by March 4, 2020, Gansu, which was preparing to submit the papers in advance, suddenly received the additional questions handed over by the teacher, or Persian math problems. Anyone who has done the Olympics knows that Iran's level of Olympics is quite high.
On March 4, 2020, 146 passengers returning from Iran arrived at Lanzhou Airport by charter. At 15:00 on March 5th, 163 Chinese compatriots in Iran arrived in Lanzhou on a second charter plane, and they all needed to observe in the Lanzhou New District.
In addition, with a special transfer to Lanzhou on March 2, Lanzhou received a total of 311 returnees. Of these 311 people, 11 cases were confirmed on March 5, 17 cases were confirmed on March 6, 1 case was confirmed on March 7, 4 cases were March 8, and a total of 33 cases were diagnosed.
First, the Iranian epidemic is unfathomable, and preliminary judgments are out of control, several times more serious than in the original Wuhan. Just four days after returning, 33 cases were confirmed, indicating that the infection did not occur on the plane, but occurred in Iran.
Japan evacuated 822 people from Wuhan in four times, of which 206 were in the first batch, 210 were in the second batch, 149 were in the third batch, 192 were in the fourth batch, 65 were in the fifth batch, and 14 were finally diagnosed.
South Korea has evacuated 848 people, and 5 have been diagnosed. The United States has evacuated more than 800 people, and 3 have been diagnosed. France has evacuated 245 people, and 1 has been diagnosed.
A total of about 2715 people have been withdrawn from these countries. The total number of confirmed cases is 23 and the proportion of confirmed cases is 0.85%. If you consider that there are 9 million people in Wuhan, the number of confirmed diagnoses is 76,000, which is close to the actual figure.
According to this thinking, the epidemic situation in Iran is a bit scary, and 29 cases were diagnosed in only three days, the ratio was 10.6%. If calculated according to this ratio, there is 900,000 people in Qom, the birthplace of the Iranian outbreak, and there should be 90,000 people infected.
Coupled with the fact that Iran is not fortified throughout the country, few people wear masks, and even one after another licks the holy wall. I think that the actual number of infected people in Iran is already more than 100,000.
Another serious manifestation of the Iranian outbreak is the constant diagnosis of officials. At present, 23 MPs have confirmed the diagnosis. The confirmed officials include the Vice President, the Chairman of the National Security Council, the Minister of Industry, the former Minister of Justice, and the Deputy Minister of Health.
There are also deaths, such as the head of the Revolutionary Guard's counter-espionage unit, a member of the State Council, the deputy speaker of the congress, the former ambassador to the Vatican, and the former ambassador to Egypt.
Many patients in Iran now gather in hospitals, crowding the hospitals, and most of them have no protection. The problem is that they are not ranked at all.
Second, the Iranian outbreak is urgent, and the choice of returning to China is the sacred right of every Chinese. The return of the compatriots fully reflects the motherland's care for all Chinese children, and the calf must be protected.
This not only reflects the country's emphasis on human rights, but also makes people deeply appreciate the dignity of the Chinese, and the happiness of the Chinese, enhances the cohesion and solidarity of the Chinese
People in a foreign country, if you see a flying five-star red flag, it is as if a child suddenly saw his mother. In times of crisis, if you see a chartered plane with a national flag, it will definitely feel like you're heading into your mother's arms.
Thirdly, it is also wise to charter flights to take home compatriots. Iran's medical system is on the verge of collapse, and there is also a serious lack of mask protective clothing. In addition, the government's ability to govern is not sufficient, and the cooperation of the people is not high. The risk of continued spread is very high.
I believe that the Chinese in Iran must have panicked in their hearts, which is normal. Even if the country does not send charter flights to pick them up, they will certainly do everything possible to flee Iran.
For example, the first imported case of Ningxia Zhongwei, he detoured from Moscow Airport in Russia, and then arrived at Shanghai Pudong Airport. In more than 30 hours in Shanghai, he has stayed at a hotel, used a taxi, and has contacted many people such as courier.
Then he took a sleeper train from Shanghai Railway Station, and after 23 hours arrived at Lanzhou Railway Station, he then took a train from Lanzhou and arrived at Zhongwei at 1:19 on the 24th.
Fortunately, except for eating, he wore a mask most of the time. At present, no close cases have been found among his close contacts.
Just as Dayu manages the water, it is better to block it. If they do not take the initiative to return, then the fear of the Iranian epidemic will inevitably lead many people to try their best to return.
If you come back by yourself, the dangers are almost impossible to prevent. You don't know which city he entered from, nor will he know which flight or train he will take after entering the country. The trajectory of movement is completely uncontrollable.
Therefore, the initiative to attack, send charter planes to pick up compatriots, and then centrally manage and observe, greatly reducing the cost of external defense imports and reducing the risk of epidemic spread, this method is worth popularizing.
Fourth, why is Lanzhou in Gansu.
As a major town in Northwest China, Lanzhou has relatively abundant medical resources. The hospitals that can treat infectious diseases are: Lanzhou Pulmonary Hospital, First University of Lanzhou, Second University of Lanzhou, Provincial People's Hospital, Former Army General Hospital, Provincial Maternity and Child Health Hospital .
Although Gansu has already dispatched 598 medical staff to help Wuhan in five batches, the tasks in the province are relatively light, with 91 confirmed cases, ranking 25th among the fraternal provinces and cities nationwide.
In addition, Gansu also did not have the task of supporting Hubei, and performed well in the war epidemic. The confirmed patients were sent out to the hospital early. At present, there are only two patients in the province.
In addition, Lanzhou's isolation conditions are relatively ideal. Lanzhou's Zhongchuan Airport is next to the Lanzhou New District. There are complete supporting facilities here, but the population density is very small, and it can be sent directly to the quarantine after getting off the plane.
Lanzhou New District is also 70 to 80 kilometers away from the old city, which not only reduces the risk of transmission, but also minimizes the psychological pressure on the citizens.
In any case, as a Chinese, we should thank Lanzhou and Gansu, because they centralized treatment and isolation, which greatly reduced the risk of infection from Iranian returnees.
(B) re-understanding the epic Gansu
Taking this opportunity today, let us revisit this legendary province. Why say he is legendary, because the history of Gansu Province is more bloody than other provinces and cities.
In ancient Chinese history, this was a battleground for soldiers. Nomadic peoples or local separatist regimes can peek into the Central Plains as long as they occupy Gansu. For example, Zhuge Liang came out of Qishan and controlled Gansu first.
The Central Plains dynasty must control Gansu in order to control the Northwest and even the Southwest. Therefore, there is an idiom called “Delongwangshu”. Gansu controls the throat of the Central Plains to the northwest and southwest, which is directly related to the security of the entire country.
Therefore, in the history of thousands of years, Gansu was either the frontline, the first logistics base of the frontline, or the preparation center.
This has something to do with the terrain of Gansu. The terrain of Gansu is narrow and long, and its overall shape is like a wishful one. Gansu is about 1,500 kilometers long from east to west, so some classmates in Gansu reported that going out of a province is more difficult than going abroad. It is too long.
In the era when there was no high-speed rail, classmates in Xinjiang went home from the eastern provinces to paint. The first day: Mom, I've arrived in Gansu; The second day: Mom, I'm in Gansu; The third day: Mom, I'm still out of Gansu; The third day at noon: Mom, I'm home.
Although Inner Mongolia is also long, Inner Mongolia is thick, long and curved, while Gansu is thin, long and straight. The thinnest part in the middle is about 80 kilometers, and the narrowest place in Dongtou is only 25 kilometers.
What kind of province is there is what kind of provincial capital. The map of Lanzhou's urban area can be counted as a number, and it is also a long bar.
It's hard to imagine that camels, war horses, and pandas are all local produce in Gansu. Because of the climate here, there are dry and dry, wet and wet, hot and hot, and cold and cold. There is always a suitable one for you.
Why is this shape in Gansu? It has something to do with the terrain and history. Geographically, it is squeezed out. The south is the edge of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau-Qilian Mountain, and the north is Longshou Mountain, Heli Mountain, and Mazhan Mountain.
The documentary film "Hexi Corridor" made by CCTV is highly recommended. It has a high vision, a grand structure, a clear narrative, beautiful pictures and shocking music. The work really took heart, like an epic masterpiece.
The editor was moved to tears by such a historical and geographical documentary for the first time, and immediately there was an urge to turn around in Gansu. Here we pay tribute to the general director Zhao Qichen, as well as the entire crew.
Qingyang in Gansu was the birthplace of the Zhou Dynasty. Tianshui in Gansu is the birthplace of Qin Kingdom and even Qin Dynasty. We will not talk about this, but focus on the Emperor Hanwu and the Hexi Corridor.
Let's take a look at the territory of the Qin Dynasty. In fact, it only has more than 3 million square kilometers. At that time, only Gansu, Tianshui, Lanzhou, Qingyang, etc. were under the jurisdiction of the Qin Dynasty.
Why did Qin Shihuang build the Great Wall because the greatest threat of the Central Plains dynasty during this period was the Huns. Han Gao's ancestor Liu Bang, from the Serpent Uprising to the defeat of Xiang Yu when the Han Dynasty was established, the Huns on the grassland also reached the heyday under the leadership of Ma Dundanyu.
In the second year of the establishment of the Western Han Dynasty (201 BC), a Xiongnu cavalry went south and united with the rebels of Han Wangxin of the Han Dynasty to approach Taiyuan.
Liu Bang's imperial conquest, sending 320,000 horses to meet, was almost the entire army of the Han Dynasty. As soon as I heard that Liu Bang was here in person and was in spirit, he mobilized the whole country and assembled 400,000 elite cavalry to the front line.
At the beginning of the Han Army, the momentum was huge, Lien Chan and Lian Jie were defeated, so Liu Bang and counselor Chen Ping both committed problems with the enemy. Their logic is this: I defeated Xiang Yu, Xiang Yu defeated the Qin Army, Qin Army defeated the Huns, so the Han Army crushed the Huns.
As a result, the 100,000 vanguard troops led by Liu Bang were attacked by the enemy and fell into the trap of others. They were trapped in Baishan Mountain for seven days and seven nights, and were almost caught alive.
Although the Baideng siege was later solved, the gap between the Han Dynasty and the Huns was completely exposed. Liu Bang's carriages were not even the same color, so the main force of the Han Army was infantry.
But looking at the Huns, the surrounding city is simply showing off wealth: white horses in the west, green horses in the east, black horses in the north, and red horses in the south. It's a bit like the current U.S. military.
In addition, the quality of the horses raised in the Central Plains is not comparable to that of the Huns, and their endurance and explosiveness are slightly inferior. Because what, because everyone's horses are trained on the plateau.
You see, track and field athletes, especially middle and long distance runners, have to go to the plateau to participate in training. Because of its high altitude and thin air, it has a very large vital capacity test and can stimulate more red blood cells.
Long-term altitude training can increase blood vessel volume, blood vessel expansion, thickening of blood vessel walls, thickening of blood vessels, and increased blood volume, which can better exercise the cardiovascular system of athletes, as well as horses.
After the siege of Bai Deng, Liu Bang realized the military gap with the Huns and adopted the method of kinship to disguise his grandsons and relax the relationship with the hunks. This kinship was 70 years old.
Although it is a close kiss, it does not mean that the Huns will not bully you, and from time to time, send cavalry to cruise freely. Although a trade agreement was also signed, it is clearly biased towards the Huns.
Liu Che was very cautious. As the 586 of the Han Dynasty, he had been pondering since he was sixteen when he ascended the throne.
He actively prepared for war, banned military operations, extensively collected warhorses, and promoted a large number of young and promising generals.
How young In 123 BC, the 17-year-old Huo Quyi was appointed Captain Yao by the Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and immediately attacked the Huns in Weibei.
On his first expedition, Huo Qubing led 800 cavalrymen into the Monan hinterland. In the form of a blitz, he raided a military camp of the Huns and killed the other side by surprise.
More than 2,000 Hun soldiers were beheaded and killed, and Shan Yu's uncle, Luo Gubi and the Huns were captured. They returned to victory and won the first victory. This is the famous "Battle of Monan" in history.
In the spring of 121 BC, 19-year-old Huo Qubing had been appointed as a general of horseback riding. He led 10,000 elite cavalrymen and set off from Longxi County, crossing the Yellow River and heading westward.
Huo Qubing killed a whole round in the north and south of Wuzhi Mountain, and then contacted the assembled Huns in the Lanlan Mountains (now southeast of Linxia County, Gansu Province), killing more than 9,000 people, including the Xiongnu King Oran and Luhou.
He also captured the son of King Hunxie, his relatives, all captains, as well as a large number of captives and heavy soldiers, and the loss of military power of the Han army was basically negligible.
In the summer of that year, the Second Battle of Hexi became even more magnificent. Li Guang and Zhang Huan led more than 10,000 cavalrymen and attacked Zuo Xianwang to the north. Huo Qubing and Gongsun Ao split and attacked, preparing to pinch the Huns in Hexi.
Huo's task of getting sick was very heavy, it can be said that it was a roundabout journey, took a large circle, and appeared in the rear of the Huns. Although the plan is wonderful, Huo Qubing's implementation is also very good, but it still leaks.
After saying good or not, Gongsun Ao went the wrong way. At this time, Huo could choose to retreat because he was not at fault. However, he did not withdraw, but chose to continue to move forward, as the soldiers descended from the sky, appearing behind the Huns.
The Xiongnu was so panicked that he had to rush into battle. After a fierce battle, Huo Quyi achieved a decisive victory, annihilating more than 30,000 enemies and forcibly landing 2,500 people including the Hun evil king, Hugh Tu, and Xiangguo and Duwei.
King Hunxie and Hugh Tu led tens of thousands of people to flee. As a result, Shan Yu was very angry when they heard that they lost two wars and lost most of the territory of Hexi. They cut off the ties with the Western Regions and prepared to severely punish them.
The second king had no way to vote, which was convenient for sending envoys to Han Dynasty to beg in the fall. Emperor Han Wu was afraid of fraud, and let 19-year-old Huo be ill and surrender. As soon as Huo Qu's illness started, something happened, and King Hugh Tu suddenly changed his mind and refused to descend to Han.
King Hunxie attacked King Hugh Tu and collected its members, but his heart was extremely unstable. Huo went to the hospital and made an immediate decision. He entered the Huns and met the Hun evil king. He beheaded more than 8,000 people who wanted to escape, forcing the Huns to stabilize.
In short, after two battles in Hexi, the Han Dynasty merged the entire Hexi Corridor into the territory of the Great Han. Since then, the entire Gansu has become an integral part of Chinese territory.
In order to consolidate the battle results, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty successively established the four Hexi counties, all of which have very good names: Wuwei County, Zhangye County, Jiuquan County, and Dunhuang County, and then Yangguan and Yumen Pass were set up west of Dunhuang.
Zhang Huan: Broken the arm of the Huns, Zhang Zhongzhi's arm (Zhang Guo's arm, to pass the Western Region).
Jiuquan: "There is Jinquan under the city, and its water is like wine", named after it; according to legend, Huo Qubing once celebrated his victory at the Jinquan side where he was drinking wine and drinking with the generals.
Dunhuang: Dunhuang means grand and magnificent. It is famous for its wide opening in the western region.
Wu Wei: Wu Gong Jun Wei.
Looking at the ballads of the Xiongnu, we know how hard this incident hits the Xiongnu: "Losing me Qilian Mountain keeps my six beasts from dying; losing my uncle mountain makes my married woman colorless"
The Xiongnu not only lost 80,000 main forces, but also lost the beautiful Hexi. Although Gansu is located inland with less rainfall, Qilian Mountain is a snow mountain, and the melting water of the iceberg nourishes the land here.
For example, the Shandan Racecourse in Zhangye is said to be the largest military racecourse in the world. Everyone at the racecourse said that Huo Quyi was their first owner.
Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty not only set up counties and gates in Hexi, but also set up large fields, and migrated people from the mainland to cultivate and keep guard, which can be understood as the Hexi Construction Corps at that time.
Emperor Hanwu boldly appointed Huo to get ill, closed the Hexi Corridor, severely defeated the hunger, created conditions for opening up new territories, and also opened a channel for cultural exchanges between Europe and Asia.
The reason why the Tang Dynasty led various ethnic minority areas was very important. It also had very strong control over Gansu. It had its own warhorses and was able to divide the forces of possible rebellion into blocks through the Hexi Corridor and the Western Regions.
The battle of the Tang Dynasty's decision to destroy Western Turkic was to exit the Yangmen Yumen Pass through the Hexi Corridor, and then pursue it all the way to Central Asia, once again opening the Eurasian channel.
If you look at the poems of the Tang Dynasty, you can reflect the spiritual outlook of the Chinese people at that time. The ideal of many scholars is to go to the battlefield and build a career. And Gansu is the front line of building achievements.
For example, Wang Zhizhi's Liangzhou words: The Yellow River is far above Baiyun, a lonely city, Wanli Mountain. Why bamboo flute complain willow, spring is not degree Pass.
After the Anshi Rebellion broke out, the Tang Dynasty transferred a large number of elites from the Hexi Corridor into the inland rebellion. As a result, Tubo took the opportunity to seize a large area of the northwest of the Tang Dynasty. Since then, the geopolitics of the Tang Dynasty have been miserable, which is equivalent to losing the west portal.
The Tibetans send cavalry to attack Chang'an, the capital of the Tang Dynasty, almost every fall in the fall, forcing the imperial court to martial law every time. The word anti-autumn was born.
One of the reasons why the Song Dynasty was rich but not strong was that the loss of Gansu also meant the loss of important Xiliang horses. If they were raised in the Mainland, they would occupy a lot of land or food.
After the Yuan Dynasty eliminated Xixia, it controlled the Hexi Corridor, and based on this, the Central Plains dynasty's first effective control of Tibet was established, and Tibet officially became an integral part of our territory.
The early Ming Dynasty also controlled the Hexi Corridor, so the western defense line of the Ming Dynasty was relatively stable. Focus on the threats in the north and northeast.
The Qing Dynasty strengthened its rule over Xinjiang, Qinghai, and Tibet, and also relied heavily on the Hexi Corridor. For example, the Junggar Ministry in Pingding, Xinjiang played 68 years from Kangxi 29 to Qianlong 22.
During the Yongzheng reign, Luo Zangdanjin of Qinghai colluded with the Great Khan of Xinjiang and launched a rebellion. Yongzheng sent Nian Yaoyao and Yue Zhongqi to rebel, and Gansu was also the base.
In modern times, Zuo Zongtang lifted the coffin to collect Xinjiang, and also entered Xinjiang from Lanzhou and then through the Hexi Corridor. Not only that, Zuo Zongtang ordered local officials in Gansu to distribute seeds and sheep in large numbers, encouraged the people to develop production, and used Gansu as the rear to regain Xinjiang.
In my opinion, the most brilliant time in Gansu was after the founding of New China and before the reform and opening up, that is, the era of planned economy, especially the third-tier construction period.
Deep inside the ancestral land, there are some industries that are particularly suitable for this place, such as the military, aerospace, and nuclear industries. Among them, Lanzhou 504 Factory is the earliest nuclear fuel production base in China.
The 504 plant has provided qualified nuclear fuel for China's first atomic bomb, the first hydrogen bomb, the first nuclear submarine, and the first nuclear power plant. After the reform and opening up for a while, I was forced to sell ice cream for my livelihood.
Why is the ice cream at 504 factory delicious? Because his milk is shaken from a centrifuge in the nuclear industry, it is extremely pure and tastes great.
Looking at the history of Gansu for thousands of years, we will find that when Lu Quan was valued, Gansu's status became prominent. Once the land rights decline, Gansu will also enter a trough.
In the 1970s and 1980s, the theme of the world shifted from war and revolution to peace and development, and China also shifted to reform and opening up. Reform and opening up also started from the coast.
The rise of sea power means the decline of land power, and Gansu, which is inland, is also greatly affected. The military industry cannot get the order, and the cost of heavy industry can't dry up the market economy, the brain drain, and the capital drain.
With the advent of the high-speed rail and the introduction of the Belt and Road Initiative, Lu Quan has gradually received more attention, and Gansu, a large land power province, has also ushered in a historical opportunity for revival.
In this year's coronavirus stagnation battle, Gansu handed out a satisfactory answer to the motherland. This low-key Northwestern province has the highest cure rate in the country. The Iranian charter flight to Lanzhou is the motherland's recognition and affirmation of Gansu. Although the province's economy is backward. But in this battle, we saw a full human touch. When the epidemic is over, the mountains and rivers are boundless, let's go to Gansu together!Editor / Zhao Jing