Special press conference on major infrastructure construction
- China's investment in infrastructure will help China's ambitions to become more urban
- As the country strives to make up for the shortcomings of infrastructure, infrastructure construction investment has ushered in a new period of opportunity
China is injecting trillions of RMB into the field of infrastructure investment. On September 26, 2022, the National Development and Reform Commission held a special press conference on major infrastructure construction. Zheng Jian, director of the Department of Infrastructure Development, and deputy director of the Department of Rural Economy , Li Mingchuan, the first-level inspector, Zhang Zhihua, deputy director of the Innovation and High-Tech Development Department, Song Wen, deputy director of the Planning Department of the National Energy Administration, and second-level inspector Song Wen jointly attended the conference, and the spokesperson of the National Development and Reform Commission, Meng Wei, presided over the conference. .
Zheng Jian: Infrastructure is an important support for economic and social development. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and with the joint efforts of all sectors of society, China has made historic achievements in the development of transportation, energy, water conservancy and new infrastructure, and modern comprehensive three-dimensional transportation. The construction of the system and modern energy system has been accelerated, and the overall level of infrastructure has been improved by leaps and bounds, which has effectively supported and guaranteed economic and social development. The following is an overview of the achievements made in infrastructure development over the past decade.
The level of facility networking continues to improve
The scale advantage is prominent. By the end of 2021, the total mileage of China's comprehensive transportation network will exceed 6 million kilometers, the 220kV and above transmission lines will reach 843,000 kilometers, and the total length of optical cable lines will reach 54.81 million kilometers, which are equivalent to 1.3 times and 1.7 times that of 10 years ago, respectively. The total storage capacity of the reservoir reached 903.5 billion cubic meters, forming a super large-scale network. The scale of high-speed rail, highway, power grid, and 4G network has long ranked first in the world.
The layout is more balanced, the modern infrastructure network system is continuously improved, and the layout in the central and western regions, between urban and rural areas, and along the coast and along the river is more reasonable. The construction of the Sichuan-Tibet Railway started, the Hotan-Ruoqiang Railway was put into operation, and the operating mileage of the central and western railways accounted for 60% of the national proportion. The facilities have been continuously strengthened, which has greatly improved the production and living conditions at the border.
The structure is becoming more and more reasonable, high-speed rail, expressway, UHV transmission line, 5G network are developing rapidly, and the proportion of high-standard and high-quality infrastructure is continuously increasing. The construction of clean energy bases focusing on deserts, Gobi and desert areas has been accelerated, and the proportion of new energy installed capacity and power generation has been continuously increased, which has effectively promoted the realization of the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality. The basic network has been continuously expanded and upgraded, with a net increase of more than 900,000 kilometers of rural roads in the past 10 years. The rural power supply network has been continuously optimized and improved. In 2015, the population without electricity was eliminated.
Continuous improvement of service quality capability
Wide network coverage, high-speed railways cover more than 95% of cities with a population of more than 1 million, highways cover more than 98% of cities with a population of more than 200,000 people, and civil transport airports cover about 92% of prefecture-level cities. Through hardened roads, broadband, and direct mail, the penetration rate of rural tap water has increased to about 84%, and the penetration rate of 4G and 5G users has reached about 87%.
The service quality is high, the proportion of EMU passenger traffic has reached 73.6%, the regularity rate of civil aviation flights has increased by 13.2 percentage points compared with ten years ago, the daily express delivery rate is close to 300 million, the urban water supply rate, gas penetration rate, sewage treatment rate, etc. Nearly 100%, 100% of qualified villages have access to passenger cars, and the reliability rate of rural power grid power supply reaches 99.8%.
Strong protection capability. China's railway, highway and other passenger and cargo transportation volume, port throughput, and power generation have long ranked first in the world, and the power flow of west-to-east power transmission is close to 300 million kilowatts. The water transfer of the east and middle route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project exceeded 50 billion cubic meters, directly benefiting more than 100 million people. By the end of 2021, the number of mobile phone users and the number of Internet users will reach 1.64 billion and 1.03 billion, respectively, equivalent to 1.7 times and 2 times that of 10 years ago.
Significantly enhanced innovation-driven capabilities
The engineering and technical strength is fully demonstrated. The level of infrastructure engineering construction and technological innovation continues to improve. High-speed railways, long-span bridges, UHV power transmission, third-generation nuclear power, super-large water conservancy projects, new-generation mobile communications, industrial Internet and other fields have achieved leapfrog development, and construction technologies such as offshore deep-water ports and large-scale airport projects have entered the world's advanced or leading ranks .
Major landmark projects continue to emerge. The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, Beijing Daxing International Airport, the East Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project and other major national projects have been completed and put into operation, and the world's first quantum secure communication backbone line "Beijing-Shanghai Trunk Line" has been built, with the highest voltage level, the largest transmission capacity and the longest transmission distance in the world The Jiquan (Changji-Guquan) ±1100 kV DC power transmission project was successfully put into operation, and China Tianyan, fully superconducting tokamak device, Shanghai Light Source, etc. achieved world-leading performance, demonstrating the national spirit and the modern-level craftsman style of a great country.
Accelerated integration and coordinated development
New progress has been made in the coordinated development of infrastructure. The overall efficiency of the comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network has been continuously improved, and the efficiency of hub transfers has been further improved. The proportion of hub airports connecting to rail transit has reached 71.4%. The development of transportation and new energy has been effectively integrated, and the construction of charging piles, high-speed railways and photovoltaic power generation facilities in airport hubs has been accelerated in the national expressway service area.
Accelerate the integration of traditional and new infrastructure. The Beijing-Zhangjiakou high-speed railway has opened up a new era of intelligent railways in China. The expressway has achieved "one network" operation. More than 10 automated terminals across the country have been completed and put into operation. The digital waterway basically covers the Yangtze River and Xijiang trunk lines. Convenient travel. The construction of strong and smart grid will be accelerated.
Accelerate the construction of a modern governance system
The market-oriented reform of infrastructure continued to deepen. The national railway enterprises have completed the transformation of the company system, the national oil and gas pipeline network company has been established, the competitive business of electric power has been released in an orderly manner, and the power grid enterprises have focused more on their main business. The establishment of a unified and open market system with orderly competition in the infrastructure field will be accelerated.
Positive progress has been made in the innovation of investment and financing mechanisms. The infrastructure planning system has been improved, the planning and implementation adhered to hierarchical and classified construction, the financial investment has been continuously increased, the policy-based development financial instruments have fully played their role, the government-social capital cooperation model has been standardized and developed, and the reform of asset capitalization, equity, and securitization has been further promoted. , breakthroughs have been made in the pilot projects of real estate investment trusts (REITs) in the infrastructure sector, and the cumulative scale of fundraising has exceeded 36 billion yuan.
In general, while realizing leapfrog development, China's infrastructure construction has gradually formed a development experience that conforms to the actual situation of the country and the requirements of the times in practice and exploration: First, always insist on giving full play to the advantages of the socialist system, coordinate the overall advancement of advantageous resources, and concentrate efforts. Do big things. The second is to always adhere to the people-centered development philosophy, continuously improve the quality and efficiency of development, and benefit the broad masses of the people. The third is to always adhere to the principle of moderately advanced development, and constantly strengthen the role of support and leadership. Fourth, always adhere to the development path of reform and innovation, continue to promote system reform, and pay more attention to independent research and development and introduction, absorption, and integrated innovation. Keywords: infrastructure, infrastructure construction, domestic engineering news, planning and investment
In the next step, we will thoroughly implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speech and instructions, and accelerate the construction of a modern infrastructure system that is complete, efficient, practical, intelligent, green, safe and reliable, so as to lay a solid foundation for building a modern socialist country in an all-round way. Editor / Xu Shengpeng