Counting the most energy in China
- The list of the second batch of new energy base projects was issued, and the projects were mainly located in the northwest region
- During the 14th Five-Year Plan period, the construction scale of onshore new energy bases and five offshore wind power bases can exceed 300 GW
The development of global renewable energy has accelerated and expanded, and the construction of China's renewable energy base has been fully launched. "After years of development, China has become the world's largest energy producer, built the world's largest power system and the world's largest charging network; the installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, photovoltaics, biomass power generation and the scale of nuclear power under construction ranks No. 1 in the world. 1. The completed hydrogen refueling stations account for about 40% of the global total, ranking first in the world; non-fossil energy consumption accounts for nearly 1/4 of the world’s total, ranking first in the world.” September 26, 2022, National Energy Song Wen, deputy director of the Bureau's Planning Department, revealed at a press conference briefed by the National Development and Reform Commission on major infrastructure construction.
Song Wen said that China has built a diversified and clean energy supply system, forming an energy infrastructure network spanning east and west, north and south, covering the whole country and connecting overseas, which effectively guarantees the energy demand for economic and social development.
Better infrastructure to ensure energy supply
The world's largest power system has been built, with an installed power generation capacity of 2.47 billion kilowatts, exceeding the total installed capacity of the G7 countries; the length of transmission lines of 35 kV and above has reached 2.26 million kilometers, and 33 UHV transmission channels have been built and put into operation. Nearly 300 million kilowatts, the installed capacity of power generation, transmission lines, and West-to-East power transmission have increased by 1.2 times, 0.5 times, and 1.6 times, respectively, compared with ten years ago.
The "one national network" of oil and gas has initially been formed, with a pipeline network of more than 180,000 kilometers, doubling from ten years ago.
"In the past ten years, energy production has supported an average annual growth of 6.6% in the national economy with an average annual growth of about 2.4%, and the energy self-sufficiency rate has been stable at more than 80% for a long time." Song Wen said.
Accelerate the construction of energy infrastructure to promote green transition
The total installed capacity of renewable energy power generation exceeded 1.1 billion kilowatts, an increase of nearly three times compared with a decade ago, accounting for more than 30% of the total installed capacity of renewable energy in the world.
At present, the installed capacity of hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic, biomass power generation and the scale of nuclear power under construction rank first in the world. About 4 million units of charging infrastructure will be built, forming the world's largest charging network. A total of more than 270 hydrogen refueling stations have been built, accounting for about 40% of the global total, ranking first in the world. Non-fossil energy consumption accounts for nearly a quarter of the world's total, ranking first in the world.
Energy and people's livelihood infrastructure to achieve universal benefits
Urban and rural energy infrastructure has been further improved, and the electrification level of terminal energy consumption has increased from 22.5% to 27% in the past ten years, an increase of nearly 5 percentage points. The per capita electricity consumption exceeds that of the United Kingdom, Italy and other countries.
Over the past ten years, the state has allocated more than 430 billion yuan for the transformation of rural power grids, and successively implemented power construction projects in areas without electricity and rural power grid transformation and upgrading. 99.8%, taking the lead in realizing that everyone has access to electricity in developing countries.
The photovoltaic poverty alleviation project has been fully completed, with a total installed capacity of 26.36 million kilowatts, benefiting 100,000 villages and 4.15 million poor households. The renovation of heating facilities was implemented according to local conditions, and the clean heating rate in the northern region reached 73.6%.
New energy infrastructure booms
The digital and intelligent level of energy infrastructure continues to improve, the construction of smart grid is accelerated, and the coverage rate of power distribution automation will exceed 90% in 2021; the construction of intelligent coal mines has accelerated, and more than 800 intelligent mining working faces have been built; a number of 5G + smart thermal power plants have been built , the production Internet of Things system covers many oil and gas fields; the new energy storage is developing rapidly in diversification, with a scale of more than 4 million kilowatts.
"In general, under the guidance of the new energy security strategy of 'four revolutions and one cooperation', China's energy infrastructure development has made remarkable achievements, providing strong support for building a modern socialist country in an all-round way." Song Wen said. Editor / Xu Shengpeng